What is the difference between insemination and in vitro fertilization?

Insemination and in vitro fertilization are both types of assisted reproduction used to make a baby.

  • Insemination refers to the process of placing semen inside a woman’s body, in a way other than by having sex. This means that if you make a baby using insemination, the embryo will be made inside the body.
  • In vitro fertilization refers to the process of creating an embryo outside of the body. This means that a sperm has fertilized an egg outside of the body to create an embryo.

The main difference between the 2 types of assisted reproduction is where the embryo is made. This means:

  • If you are using insemination, the woman being inseminated will provide the eggs to make the baby.
  • If you are using in vitro fertilization, the embryo that is put in the woman’s uterus may be made from her own eggs. Or, it may be made from eggs provided by another woman.
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